In the scope of supporting Europe and Brazil in consolidating a common view of Brazilian and European Researchers from academia, industry and government regarding EU-BR future cooperation in ICT, ATMOSPHERE proposes 3 research topics, for future joint-initiatives, between both regions, that have high potential to impact the economy in both regions.
The following 3 pillars are taken from the "Final Research Priority Report", which is a result of an online survey, answered by Brazilians and Europeans, discussions from Cloudscape Brazil and WCN during 2018 and 2019, identification of main EU-BR assets produced by all the EU-BR cooperation projects and available at the EU Brasil ICT Marketplace and the content already available in "D2.3 Preliminary Research Priorities Report" submitted by ATMOSPHERE in 2018.
The huge growth of digital data has overwhelmed the traditional systems and common approaches. Big data nowadays touches almost all aspects of earth life and the data-driven discovery approach is an emerging paradigm for computing. Datafication and big data are disruptive technologies that have widespread implications on the society. The growing data provides a huge wave of opportunities and challenges in the flow of data capture, storage, manipulation, management, analysis, knowledge extraction, security, privacy and visualisation. The recent developments in sensor networks, cyber-physical systems, and the ubiquity of the Internet of Things (IoT) have increased the collection of data to an enormous scale. The analysis of such massive amounts of data requires advanced analytical techniques considering the characteristics of big data: high volume, low veracity, high velocity, high variety, and high value. In comparison to traditional data techniques and platforms, artificial intelligence techniques (e.g. machine learning) provide more accurate, faster, and scalable results in big data analytics. There is a consensus in the research community that the promise of big data seems to be genuine and a wide gap exists between its potential and realisation.
The focus of the joint research will be focus in the development of innovative solutions that consider the axes of high performance analytics for big data applications and infrastructure and resource management. The scalability and efficacy of existing analytics techniques being applied to big data must be considered and the development of new techniques and algorithms to handle real-time needs for decisions made based on enormous amounts of data. The requirements of data security and privacy should be of paramount importance in the proposed solution. Different regional legislations like GPDR and LGPD must be considered as part of these requirements. The storage of collecting data from applications (like IoT) existing on distributed, local databases and open data need specific infrastructures to federate all these data to make complex treatments.
The joint EU-Brazil research is intended to develop innovative big data technologies considering assets from previous collaboration that take into account the efficacy of analytics techniques for use cases in scenarios for Brazil and Europe specifically in the areas of health, climate, energy, agriculture, mobility, industry and public safety.
The horizon for the forthcoming 5G network is 2020-2025 for Europe and Brazil, and different strategies are being proposed by governments and enterprises in order to eliminate barriers, integrate solutions and start installation of required hardware. 5G will be a major enabler of digitalisation across industries such as agriculture, retail, automotive, manufacturing and energy and utilities by enabling the use cases for these applications. 5G’s low latency and high speeds make this technology a perfect fit for time-sensitive IoT applications. Autonomous vehicles, drones, first responder devices and healthcare wearables are a few examples of devices that can benefit from the less than 5-millisecond speed of 5G. Until today, the first set of 5G standards only focuses on EMBB (Enhanced Mobile Broadband) and still not clear that in the next 5 years the technology will be able to provide ultra-reliable, ultra-delay-sensitive and massive machine-type communication products that can bring to critical communications high-performance functions, high-precision location services, reliability, and capacity. For this, gaps must be addressed regarding the various enablers of URLLC and their inherent tradeoffs as well as the different techniques and methodologies regarding the requirements of ultra-reliable and low-latency communications.
The focus of the joint research is the development of a 5G technological framework or testbeds for evaluation of IoT time sensitive applications. The framework must consider URLLC’s fundamental system design and algorithm principles and latency enablers such as deterministic and random components, eMBB/URLLC multiplexing, edge caching, computing and slicing, on-device machine learning and AI at the network edge, non-orthogonal multiple access and its variants, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and joint flexible resource allocation for uplink/downlink. The proposed use cases must demonstrate how the developments may provide a principled and clean-slate technological framework for modeling and optimizing URLLC-centric problems at the network level.
The joint EU-Brazil research is intended to develop innovative 5G solutions, considering the assets from previous collaboration for use cases scenarios in Brazil and Europe specifically in the areas of IoT time sensitive applications, specifically health, climate, energy, agriculture, mobility, industry and public safety.
To move a step further in EU-BR collaboration it is necessary to demonstrate the concrete/real impacts of such cooperation in European and Brazilian societies. It is crucial to take up research results, bring innovation to the market, and to create new jobs and business concepts, among other activities. It is crucial that businesses become more digital, consequently increasing the innovation capacity in distinct industry areas. The focus is how can technology improve Brazilian and European living conditions. The mind-set is not the technology itself, but how we can make the world a better place by using technology. The Brazilian and European cooperation has been impressive, with results that can have a real impact in both regions’ societies, but until now, mainly restricted to academia and research. Projects of the 4th call have real use-cases already making an impact and this is a concrete advance of the cooperation. New projects shall be launched and it would be beneficial to support the promotion of EU-BR projects to maintain EU-BR collaboration in ICT and to promote entrepreneurship by SMEs and Start-ups.
Networking and coordination actions considering the EU-BR collaboration and technological assets developed until now. Define and implement specific actions to foster entrepreneurship and transfer the innovation results to the market by integrating Brazilian and European SMEs and Start-ups.
Support of entrepreneurship across sectors in Brazil and Europe. Enable digital innovation across sectors on getting value from data by investing in complementary IT technologies. Support SMEs & start-ups in achieving international visibility and connect them with research teams, to join forces and bring research innovation results into business market